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Kalik, Mikhail

Born: 29 January 1927 in Arkhangelsk, Soviet Union, now Russia
Underappreciated and embattled in the Soviet Union, Kalik managed to make several of the most respected films of his era before defecting in 1971. At the age of 24, while attending the State Institute for Cinematography, he was arrested for anti-Soviet terrorist and "Zionist" activity and sent to the Gulag. Kalik was released in 1954-- soon after Stalin's death-- and promptly resumed his film career. His first major success was Man Follows the Sun, a poetic evocation of a child's self-discovery over the course of a single day. His follow-up, Goodbye, Boys, also dwelled on youth, but to a much darker effect. An archetypal beach-set love triangle, Goodbye, Boys is situated in the days before the Second World War, but told from a knowing, melancholy post-war perspective that doesn't mute the pain of innocence-- and lives--lost. Held up by censors and given a limited release, it began another contentious phase of Kalik's career, culminating in his defection to Israel. After Three and One, a fiercely personal account of life in the Gulag, Kalik disappeared from major filmmaking until 1991, releasing his playful, post-modernist cinematic memoir, And the Wind Returneth.

Filmography

As director:
  • And the Wind Returneth/I vozvrashchayetsya veter..., 1991;
  • Three and One/Shlosha V'achat, 1974;
  • The Price/Tsena, 1969;
  • To Love/Lyubit', 1968;
  • Goodbye, Boys/Do svidaniya, malchiki!, 1964;
  • Man Follows the Sun/Chelovek idyot za solntsem, 1961;
  • Lullaby/Kolybelnaya, 1960;
  • Ataman Kodr, 1958;
  • Our Fathers' Youth/Yunost nashikh otsov, 1958;
As screenwriter:
  • And the Wind Returneth/I vozvrashchayetsya veter..., 1991;
  • Three and One/Shlosha V'achat, 1974;
  • To Love/Lyubit', 1968;
  • Goodbye, Boys/Do svidaniya, malchiki!, 1964;
  • Man Follows the Sun/Chelovek idyot za solntsem, 1961;
  • Our Fathers' Youth/Yunost nashikh otsov, 1958;